Padma Awards were instituted in to be awarded to citizens of India in recognition of their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the artseducationindustryliteraturesciencesportsmedicinesocial service and public affairs. It has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India. The selection criteria have been criticised in some quarters with the claim that many highly deserving artists have been left out in order to favour certain individuals.
On its obverse, the words " Padma ", meaning lotus in Sanskritand " Shri ", a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to 'Mr. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold. As of [update]people have received the award.
Several intended recipients, including sitar player Vilayat Khan academic and author Mamoni Raisom Goswami journalist Kanak Sen Deka  and noted Bollywood screenwriter Salim Khanhave declined the Padma Shri for various reasons. Other individuals, such as author Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' Punjabi author Dalip Kaur Tiwana  and noted poet Jayanta Mahapatra have returned the honour after initially accepting it.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India. See also: List of people who have declined or renounced Indian honours and decorations. Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 13 August Retrieved 10 July The Times of India.
Retrieved 1 November Archived from the original on 16 September Retrieved 28 April Retrieved 15 February Archived from the original on 21 September The Hindu. Retrieved 18 June The Telegraph - India.
The Indian Express. The Pioneer. Archived from the original on 3 March The Tribune. The Hindustan Times. India portal. Padma Shri awards. Orders, decorations, and medals of India. Nari Shakti Puraskar. Roy Award. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: archived copy as title Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use Indian English from November All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Use dmy dates from September Pages using infobox award with unknown parameters Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements Commons category link from Wikidata.
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Luke Rockhold title fight set for UFC 221 December 7, 2017 UFC 2. December 9, 2017 UFC 1. Furthermore, you need to quickly calculate the potential winnings for different bets, especially if the odds are changing while the event unfolds. Odds tell you the likelihood that an event will occur (a team wins, a boxer makes it a certain round) and how much will be paid out if you win. There are, however, multiple ways to convey this information.
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Odds represent which team, horse, or athlete has the highest probability of winning. While there are different ways to write odds, they all indicate how likely one outcome is in comparison to another. When I flip a coin, it is just as likely that I flip heads as tails.What does srs stand for in cars
The odds are equal, or one to one. The odds are 80 to 20. Otherwise put, it is four times more likely that it will rain than stay sunny. Because circumstances may change spontaneously, odds may change as well. They are not an exact science. The most common use of odds is found when placing a bet on a sporting event.
Betting agencies use historical data and team statistics to predict who is more likely to win. Whoever has the highest odds is considered the "favorite.
Betting on the underdog is riskier than betting on a favorite, but a higher risk means a higher potential reward. The "longer the odds," or the less likely, the more money you could win. Many racetracks and betting establishments will have a booklet or pamphlet helping you learn terminology, but you should understand the lingo before you read odds. Some of the basic words include: Action: A bet or wager of any kind or amount. Bookie: Someone who accepts bets and sets odds. Hedging: Placing bets on the team with the high odds, and the low odds, to minimize loss.
Line: On any event, the current odds or point spreads on the game. Wager: The money you pay, or risk, on an outcome or event.The care of all the details (including upgrades of the transport classes I decided to request for later) was taken by the Nordic Visitor Travel Consultant who did a fantastic job - everything was done promptly and worked impeccably throughout the entire tour.
Nordic Visitor is highly recommended if you want to have a stress-free experience in booking your holiday and afterwards focusing on nothing more but on the enjoyment it brings.
We used Nordic Visitor to book our Iceland new year trip fairly last minute. Can't fault them - we had a fantastic experience and the whole process was so straightforward and felt effortless. Before travelling we were in regular contact with our agent (Hafdis) who was quick to respond on working days and answered all our questions.
We were free to book extra activities as and when we found them (which we did a few times. They were easy to contact whilst in Iceland as they gave us a local mobile phone with credit. We got upgraded rooms in half the (fantastic) hotels we stayed in and our car was upgraded too.
Thanks for your help - our trip was great. I am a lifelong independent and pragmatic traveller who is used to arranging and organising all aspects of my trips including rearranging etc. This was my first time booking an organised package and have been more than pleased with your outstanding service and very happy that I chose you.
We were extremely satisfied with the services provided. Nordic visitor supplied us with everything and more needed to make our vacation in Iceland a dream come true. We have already recommended them to our family planning a trip next year.
I used Nordic Visitor to book our honeymoon in Iceland and it was wonderful. We wished our time there would never end.
Thank you Nordic Visitor. My husband and I chose to do the 10 day self guided Romance Around Iceland tour for our honeymoon. It couldn't have been more perfect. Nordic Visitor planned every detail for us, including having gourmet chocolates and champagne waiting for us in our room, booking all of our accommodations, excursions, rental cars and taxi rides, and provided us with ample information about navigating through Iceland.
They even provided us with a cell phone and called to check in while we were travelling through an area close by to an active volcano. I think it is safe to say I have fallen head over heels in love with Iceland. It has been 6 months since we came home and I still think about it daily. I would recommend Nordic Visitor to anyone looking for a truly customized and memorable trip.
The tour we booked was a perfect introduction to Scandavia and Norway in particular. The highlights noted in the itinerary were well thought out and offered fantastic sight seeing. All our questions before departure were answered fully and promptly by Bjarni and the booking processs was easy. As we received the itinerary well before departure we were able to make enquiries about parking at each location directly with the hotel and all of them responded with excellent information.
The car we were given for the tour was perfect and the driving experience in Norway was a real pleasure.Reply Ammar says: Great article. Reply Roger says: Steve, great post. Reply Andres says: Beautiful summary.
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Show Me My Heatmap 30-Day Free Trial Increase your website's conversion rate or revenues within the next 30 days. Show Me My Heatmap Want to make your site better. Discover all their opinions and experiences lived during their stay in Paris.Their excellence and professionalism were demonstrated in three ways: 1.
Flawless Execution We were all impressed with the quality and quantity of information that we received once we booked the self-drive package. They thought of every detail so we d chengelh34, United States Express Iceland, May 2013 We would highly recommend the self-drive trip around the Ring Road as arranged by Nordic Visitor.
Steve and Zoe, United Kingdom Winter Romance, March 2013 From the moment of booking to our return flight NV and Alexandra made the whole trip a once in a lifetime experience. Speci C S, Australia Icehotel Winter Adventure, February 2013 We would like to say that our consultant Cecilia Markov was fantastic, we travel widely and she is the best consultant we have dealt with, friendly efficient and very helpful.
Darren, United Kingdom Golden Circle and South Coast - Winter, February 2013 Just got back from a brilliant week in Iceland courtesy of Larus at Nordic Visitor who sorted 5 great hotels over 6 nights and the ideal vehicle in a Ford Kuga 4WD. Will use these guys next time we visit the Nordic countries as great value Seroj, United Kingdom Iceland Winter World, December 2012 Fantastic communication and organisation by our agent.
Karen and Max, Australia Iceland Winter World, November 2012 Thank you for a wonderful honeymoon. We felt very welcome and everyone was extremely helpful.
Thank you for all your hard work. We really appreciated it. Tom, United States Norway Grand Tour, August 2012 We just completed our Drive It Ourselves Tour of Norway. Miles, United States South Iceland at Leisure, July 2012 This past summer we spent a week in Iceland following the "South at Leisure" self-drive tour arranged by Thordis of Nordic Visitor.
Blkcat13, United States Express Iceland, July 2012 My husband and I chose the Iceland Express tour in mid July. Zipi, Israel Iceland Complete, June 2012 The cell phone given to us was very helpfull, especiay because we did had problem with our car and it was very convenient to handle it with the phone we had.
Amy, United States Express Iceland, May 2012 An absolutely amazing trip with excitement at every stop we made.
Carl, Australia Iceland Full Circle, May 2012 This was an excellent tour, the planning was unbelievable and the tour information excellent. Linda, United States The Nordic Countries in a Nutshell, May 2012 This trip was everything I hoped for. Laura, United Kingdom Iceland Winter World, March 2012 Thank you. Roxanne, United States Iceland Full Circle, September 2011 My husband and I thoroughly enjoyed our trip -- it was excellent.
Adrian, United Kingdom South Iceland at Leisure, August 2011 The most enjoyable holiday we have been on. Amy and Greg, United States Iceland Complete, July 2011 We were thrilled and have already passed along your website to friends.
Mel, United States Iceland Full Circle, July 2011 Hi Erla and Bjorg, I just wanted to drop you a quick note to let you know what a wonder time we had because you did such a good job setting up our trip. Brandy and Uei, United States Iceland Full Circle, May 2011 Dear Maria.
The service was above and beyond our expectations. Svanhild and Ortram, Sweden Iceland Complete, June 2010 dear nordicvisitor, dear sola. David Lin, United States Express Norway, August 2017 I already recommend Nordic Visitor to a few of my friend, they plan to travel at Nordic area. Brad Upshaw, United States Classic Scotland, July 2017 From first visit to website through planning, the experience and results were world class.
Suzie, United Kingdom Romance Around Iceland, October 2016 We both put this down as our best holiday ever. Ana Wonderful West Greenland, August 2014 We had chosen the "quality" option for hotels, so we thought we'd be staying at the Arctic hotel in Ilulissat, but we were given the Icefiord hotel. Laura Family Adventure in Reykjavik, October 2015 It was a fantastic holiday.Thank you Nordic Visitor. Our trip was fantastic and I would recommend it to anyone, especially if you are struggling with how to get started planning a great adventure in Scandinavia.
It was very comforting to be able to contact our travel consultant via e-mail prior to travel and while traveling when we had questions. We enjoyed the variety of the sites seen, the meals and accommodation were also excellent.
He seemed to tailor the pace of the tour to the party, which was important due to mixed age groups. We had a great experience during our visit to Iceland, hotels and car were all good.
The service and information provided by the consultant was excellent. We have just got back home after probably the best holiday we have ever had. Everything was superbly planned and the guys at Kiruna Guidetur were fantastic.
In fact everyone we met was friendly and so helpful. The hotels were excellent and the food really great - especially at the Abisko Tourist Station and when we went up to the Aurora Sky Station the girl who did the dinner there was world class, especially when she had to prepare the meal in such cramped conditions, The activities were wonderful - the snowmobiles, the husky sleds, the horse and sleigh ride, cross country skiing and snowshoeing.
The Ice Hotel was fantastic too. It is such a magical place - the snow, the clear air - all absolutely wonderful. A more beautiful place would be hard to find. Thank you so much for organising the holiday for us. I have been on the phone this morning urging all my friends to go there. Everything in the tour was absolutely perfect from the transfer arrangements to the car and hotel accommodations and the tour format itself.
I would highly recommend it to anyone. Thank you very much for all that you did to make this part of our holiday so enjoyable - even the weather cooperated.
Bjarni was excellent, thorough, and very responsive. He picked a superb hotel in Oslo (Continental) which spoiled us for the next leg of our vacation in Germany. Luggage transfer from Flom to Oslo was a great idea and worked very well - thanks again, Bjarni.
I have already recommended Nordic Visitor to several fellow travelers and would definitely use your services again. Overall this experience massively exceeded my expectations.
I will be leaving many reviews as soon as possible and will absolutely use this company again. I am telling all my friends about the excellent service and value i got from my tour with Nordic Visitor.Now we can relate the odds for males and females and the output from the logistic regression.
The intercept of -1. Using the odds we calculated above for males, we can confirm this: log(. The coefficient for female is the log of odds ratio between the female group and male group: log(1. So we can get the odds ratio by exponentiating the coefficient for female. Most statistical packages display both the raw regression coefficients and the exponentiated coefficients for logistic regression models. The table below is created by Stata. In other words, the odds of being in an honors class when the math score is zero is exp(-9.
These odds are very low, but if we look at the distribution of the variable math, we will see that no one in the sample has math score lower than 30. In fact, all the test scores in the data set were standardized around mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10. So the intercept in this model corresponds to the log odds of being in an honors class when math is at the hypothetical value of zero.
How do we interpret the coefficient for math. We will use 54. Then the conditional logit of being in an honors class when the math score is held at 54 isWe can examine the effect of a one-unit increase in math score. When the math score is held at 55, the conditional logit of being in an honors class isWe can say now that the coefficient for math is the difference in the log odds.
In other words, for a one-unit increase in the math score, the expected change in log odds is. Can we translate this change in log odds to the change in odds. Recall that logarithm converts multiplication and division to addition and subtraction. Its inverse, the exponentiation converts addition and subtraction back to multiplication and division. Applying such a model to our example dataset, each estimated coefficient is the expected change in the log odds of being in an honors class for a unit increase in the corresponding predictor variable holding the other predictor variables constant at certain value.
Each exponentiated coefficient is the ratio of two odds, or the change in odds in the multiplicative scale for a unit increase in the corresponding predictor variable holding other variables at certain value. Here is an example. In all the previous examples, we have said that the regression coefficient of a variable corresponds to the change in log odds and its exponentiated form corresponds to the odds ratio.
This is only true when our model does not have any interaction terms. The interpretation of the regression coefficients become more involved. In this simple example where we examine the interaction of a binary variable and a continuous variable, we can think that we actually have two equations: one for males and one for females. Now we can map the logistic regression output to these two equations. More explicitly, we can say that for male students, a one-unit increase in math score yields a change in log odds of 0.
On the other hand, for the female students, a one-unit increase in math score yields a change in log odds of (. In terms of odds ratios, we can say that for male students, the odds ratio is exp(.
The ratio of these two odds ratios (female over male) turns out to be the exponentiated coefficient for the interaction term of female by math: 1. Click here to report an error on this page or leave a comment Your Name (required) Your Email (must be a valid email for us to receive the report. SERVICES Books for Loan Services and Policies Walk-In Consulting Email Consulting Fee for Service Software Purchasing and Updating Consultants for Hire Other Consulting Centers Department of Statistics Consulting Center Department of Biomathematics Consulting Clinic ABOUT US DONATE FAQ: How do I interpret odds ratios in logistic regression.
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